Here they are. I’m being very strict about sticking to facts, not opinions.
- Organic agriculture uses pesticides.
- Organic agriculture has lower yields than conventional, which means it takes more land to produce the same amount of food as conventional.
- There are no-till conventional/GMO crops which offer environmental benefits of greatly reduced fossil fuel use and less runoff and greater diversity maintained in the soil.
- There is scientific consensus that GMOs are safe. It’s the same level of scientific consensus that there is human activity caused climate change.
- Monsanto sells organic seeds and non-GMO conventional seeds in addition to GMO seeds.
- Monsanto is only one of several GMO seed companies and does not sell a majority of GMOs in the world.
- There are zero court cases where Monsanto sued farmers for accidental contamination of seeds.
- Patenting seeds pre-dates genetic engineering.
- Organic and other non-GMO seeds are also patented.
- Most farmers buy patented seeds, including organic, conventional, and GMO.
- Seed patents, like any patents, can and do expire.
- The patent for glyphosate expired in the year 2000.
- There are genetic engineering projects which are not patented and are freely in the public domain.
- A meta-analysis of the impact of GMO crops found: “On average, GM technology adoption has reduced chemical pesticide use by 37%, increased crop yields by 22%, and increased farmer profits by 68%. Yield gains and pesticide reductions are larger for insect-resistant crops than for herbicide-tolerant crops. Yield and profit gains are higher in developing countries than in developed countries.”
- Traditional breeding (crossing plants and selecting offspring) and mutagenesis (exposing plants to chemicals or radiation) are done with organic and non-GMO conventional breeding. These breeding techniques affect thousands to even hundreds of thousands of genes in an organism. No safety testing is required or done.
- RNA interference and transgenic breeding (both are types of GMOs) affect 1 to 4 genes in an organism. Safety testing is required and done.
- Glyphosate has been determined by chemists to be far less toxic in both the short and long term and much safer than the pesticides it has replaced, which were the ones used in growing the foods I ate growing up.
- The use of glyphosate and all other pesticides (including herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides, organic and conventional), are regulated for the amount allowed to be used per acre of crop.